Wednesday, June 3, 2020
Central toÃ The Turn of the ScrewÃ is the question of the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ reliability. Analyses of the text from both Ã¢â¬ËapparitionistÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ënon-apparitionistÃ¢â¬â¢ perspectives hinge upon a verdict passed by the critic on the trustworthiness, or conversely the Ã¢â¬Ëhysterical, compulsive, sadomasochisticÃ¢â¬â¢ nature as John Lydenberg put it, of the novellaÃ¢â¬â¢s twice-removed narrator. Although James was keen to defend the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ sanity in his retrospective 1908 New York Preface, describing the story as Ã¢â¬Ëher particular credible statement of such strange mattersÃ¢â¬â¢, he generates ambiguity about the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s credibility consistently throughout the text. Intrinsic to a feminist reading of the novella is the question, as Peter Biedler puts it: Ã¢â¬Ëwould aÃ maleÃ narrator of the story have been so easily moulded to fit so many different critical interpretations, and would he have been considered Ã¢â¬ËhystericalÃ¢ â¬â¢ in so many of them?Ã¢â¬â¢ There is certainly structural and textual evidence to support the assertion that the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ actions and her report of her actions are undermined by her gender, making her victim of what Biedler termed Ã¢â¬Ëa subtle anti-feminismÃ¢â¬â¢. On the other hand, one can dispute this claim by suggesting that it is in fact a different determinant that causes the prevalent mistrust of the reader towards the ambiguous Ã¢â¬ËheroineÃ¢â¬â¢: from a Marxist interpretation, this would be class. Both a feminist and a Marxist approach involve questioning whether Henry James himself was discriminating along the lines of gender and social status, or whether perhaps he was actually exposing the pervasive prejudices of his society, via the medium of his readers. IsÃ The Turn of the ScrewÃ in itself misogynistic, or a divisive attack on the proletariat by an undoubtedly bourgeois writer, or does it offer a critique of those mindsets by exploring the contemporary stigma surrounding women and the Ã¢â¬Ëlower ordersÃ¢â¬â¢ though the unchallengeable form of JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëfairytale pure and simpleÃ¢â¬â¢? Of course, as James tirelessly maintains, there is always the option to readÃ The Turn of the ScrewÃ simply as a Ã¢â¬Ëpot-boilerÃ¢â¬â¢, a Ã¢â¬Ëjeu dÃ¢â¬â¢espritÃ¢â¬â¢, designed, as he implied to H.G. Wells, to attract funds and popularity at a time of career crisis (after the flopÃ Guy Domville). This viewpoint suggests the governess is a reliable accessory to the cause of rousing Ã¢â¬Ëthat dear old sacred terrorÃ¢â¬â¢, not sidelined for any political purpose but rather, as the 1908 preface proposes, Ã¢â¬Ëintelligently neglectedÃ¢â¬â¢, leaving space for JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëeffectual dealingÃ¢â¬â¢ with the Ã¢â¬ËmysteryÃ¢â¬ ¦ of Peter Quint, Miss Jessel and the hapless children.Ã¢â¬â¢ Throughout the novella, there is evidence to suggest the governess is absurdly romantic and self-obsessed, s uccumbing to fits of fancy inspired in part by her repressed sexuality. Before the reader is permitted to hear the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ account, the i-narrator describes her meeting with the master in Harley Street: Ã¢â¬Ësuch a figure as had never risen, save in a dream or an old novel, before a fluttered, anxious girl out of a Hampshire vicarage.Ã¢â¬â¢ Already James implies that governess Ã¢â¬ËdreamsÃ¢â¬â¢ of attractive, single men, from which one can infer she possesses an active but internally contained sexual drive. Her gender is used to further destabilize her in the phrase Ã¢â¬Ëfluttered, anxious girl.Ã¢â¬â¢ For a woman of twenty, the appellate Ã¢â¬ËgirlÃ¢â¬â¢ intimates the governess still bears the immature and feminine characteristics of her youth, forcing the reader to question her abilities. Undoubtedly, had the central character been a man of twenty, he would not have been described as a Ã¢â¬Ëfluttered, anxious boy.Ã¢â¬â¢ James makes persistent use of a l exicon suggestive of Romantic notions and romantically unfounded assumptions when narrating as the governess. Her discourse is marked by phrases such as Ã¢â¬Ëin which I had the fancyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËI absolutely believedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËI began to fancyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËI felt sureÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢. The implied unreliability of the governess arising from her tendency to Ã¢â¬ËfancyÃ¢â¬â¢ is reinforced by JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ use of Gothic tropes and devices of metafiction. For instance, the governess says of Bly: Ã¢â¬ËI had the view of a castle of romance, such a place as would somehow take all the colour out of storybooks and fairytalesÃ¢â¬â¢, which suggests that she is painting, and quite possibly embellishing, her role as a Gothic heroine. BlyÃ¢â¬â¢s isolated setting with its Ã¢â¬Ëmachicolated square towerÃ¢â¬â¢ is a Gothic trope. She also mentions in chapter IX that Ã¢â¬Ëthe book I had in my hand was FieldingÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ AmeliaÃ¢â¬â¢; the interte xtuality reveals her preoccupation with fictional young women, like Amelia, who are rewarded for their virtuosity with a fairytale husband. This indicates that due to her gender, the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ telling of the story is clouded by delusions of glamour and grandeur. Critic Patricia N. Klingenberg proposes that the novella Ã¢â¬Ëexpels the femaleÃ¢â¬â¢ since the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ narrative is framed and reframed by two male narrators, the i-narrator and DouglasÃ¢â¬â¢ prologue. One can certainly argue that the triple-frame narrative leads the reader to question the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s reliability and independence, if her story has to be, in effect, chaperoned by male characters. The critic Edwin Fussell asks Ã¢â¬ËIf a women writes a novel as good as a man Ã¢â¬â the same novel as a man Ã¢â¬â why indeed should she be a governess?Ã¢â¬â¢ This question exposes a contradiction withinÃ The Turn of the Screw: although James, as he says in his preface, allows his heroine to have Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Å"authorityÃ¢â¬ , which is a good deal to have given herÃ¢â¬â¢, he does not permit the reader to fully trust or respect her, partly because we are made to see her as a humble child minder, dead without notable achievements outside this field. Furthermore, the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ narrative is not valuable in itself other than as a Ã¢â¬Ëjeu dÃ¢â¬â¢espritÃ¢â¬â¢ to be related by Douglas, and in reality, James. Once again, it seems suspicious for James to include the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ thought: Ã¢â¬Ëit would be as charming as a charming story suddenly to meet someoneÃ¢â¬â¢ just before her first sighting of Quint Ã¢â¬â since this musing does not bolster the tension of the ghost story, from a feminist angle one must conclude it proves that James seeks to undermine his protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s credibility by implying that, as a woman, her observations are made erroneous by her desperation for male attention. On the other hand, one could argue that JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ portrayal of his heroine does not convey Ã¢â¬Ëa subtle anti-feminism that refuses to trust womenÃ¢â¬â¢ but rather draws sharp attention towards the Ã¢â¬ËartificialÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËanomalousÃ¢â¬â¢ position of the governess in 19th century Britain. The way in which JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ fictional governess is destabilized as a character and as a narrator by her gender perhaps mirrors the way in which the governess in reality Ã¢â¬Ëblurred what was thought to be a stable distinction between domestic duty and labour for moneyÃ¢â¬â¢, as Armstrong put it. And thus, because the public and domestic spheres were gendered, the governess destabilized a distinction Ã¢â¬Ëon which the very notion of gender appeared to dependÃ¢â¬â¢. Where the Wilson-Goddard critics, from a feminist perspective, approach the text with misogyny by, as Paula Cohen says, treating the female narrator as Ã¢â¬Ëa collection of symptoms Ã¢â¬â and hence excluding her point of viewÃ¢â¬â¢, it is possible to read the text alternatively as an assertive dramatization of the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ anxieties about her status as a woman. The governess, on her second sighting of Quint, says she feels as if she Ã¢â¬Ëhad been looking at him for years and had known him alwaysÃ¢â¬â¢, from which one can infer that the Ã¢â¬ËerectÃ¢â¬â¢ Quint is an externalization of the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ distressing sexual desires, which have been consistently repressed by a misogynistic society: originally within the cultural confinement of her religious upbringing, and now in order to meet the ideal of the Ã¢â¬Ësexless governessÃ¢â¬â¢ whom critic Poovey notes is Ã¢â¬Ëexpected not to display wilfulness or desires herself. The governess is fixated on the sexually suspect transgressions of her Ã¢â¬Ëvile predecessorÃ¢â¬â¢ Miss Jessel, even when they are not founded on concrete evidence Ã¢â¬â she relentlessly presses Mrs. Grose to reveal Miss JesselÃ¢â¬â¢s misdemeanors: Ã¢â¬ËBut I shall get it out of you yet! There was something in the boy that suggested to you that he covered and concealed their relation.Ã¢â¬â¢ In her compulsion to find her predecessor as sexually deviant, the governess, as Sheila Teahan puts it, Ã¢â¬Ëdisplaces onto Jessel her anxiety about the precarious discursive slippage between the working woman and the prostitute.Ã¢â¬â¢ This is underlined at the end of chapter XV, after another sighting of Miss Jessel, when the governess says: Ã¢â¬ËDishonoured and tragic, she was all before me.Ã¢â¬â¢ Even from an apparitionist standpoint, believing the ghosts to be genuine, one can certainly read this line as the governess sublimating her crippling fear of become a Ã¢â¬Ëfallen womanÃ¢â¬â¢ onto the spirit of Miss Jessel. It is clear from the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s almost obsessive reinforcement of her own Ã¢â¬Ëdiscretion and general high proprietyÃ¢â¬â¢ that she has become trapped in a female dichotomy of vice versus virtue. Ã¢â¬ËDishonoured and tragic Ã¢â¬â¢ is an apt description of the life stretching Ã¢â¬Ëall beforeÃ¢â¬â¢ the governess if she released her sexual yearning from the fetters of patriarchy. By highlighting the literally haunting fate of any self-determining, unmarried woman who dared to express her sexuality in the repressive time at which the novella was written, James perhaps exposes rather than supports the more than Ã¢â¬Ësubtle anti-feminismÃ¢â¬â¢ of his day. Two aspects of the prologue operate ingeniously as looking glasses, perfectly reflecting the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s prejudices. Firstly, as mentioned earlier, almost all critics assume the i-narrator to be male. One example is critic Anthony Mazella who states the pederastic relationship between Quint and Miles is Ã¢â¬Ëattributable to the [homosexual] relationship between Douglas and the narrator.Ã¢â¬â¢ In fact, James meticulously makes no reference to the gender of the i-narrator, demonstrating the unfounded and anti-feminist assumption made by his readers that if unstated, a reliable-sounding speaker must be male. The second aspect follows on from the first. Although the much of the endless commentary onÃ The Turn of the ScrewÃ centers on Ã¢â¬Ëthe notorious question of the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ reliabilityÃ¢â¬â¢ as Teahan calls it, and critics are anxious to examine every word she utters for indications of subjectivity and delusion, the preamble to the story from the i-narrator who was neither at Bly nor ever met the governess, is not questioned. The i-narrator recounts, not verbatim, DouglasÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëtouches,Ã¢â¬â¢ which are essential for framing the story. He says Ã¢â¬Ëthe first of these touches conveyed that the written statement took up the tale at a point after it had, in a manner, begunÃ¢â¬â¢ and goes on to describe the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ trip to Harley Street, on which much of our opinion on her is based. Whilst it is common for critics to suggest the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ subjectivity makes the events of th e novella subject to interpretation, readers are, for the most part, willing to unquestioningly accept the anonymous i-narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s undoubtedly subjective account of the heroineÃ¢â¬â¢s character (it is by definition subjective since it has been re-phrased and thus re-interpreted) from which many Wilson-esque suspicions of Ã¢â¬ËneuroticÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ësexually repressedÃ¢â¬â¢ motivations arise. For example, it is from this passage that the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s passion for the master is inferred: Ã¢â¬Ëhe struck her, inevitably, as gallant and splendid.Ã¢â¬â¢ Does the reader regard the governessÃ¢â¬â¢ sanity as fair game, but the i-narrator as unimpeachable because of the assumption that the former is female, the latter male? If so, James successfully exposes his readerÃ¢â¬â¢s innate misogyny. Alternately, perhaps one places trust in the i-narrator because, in a story mainly made up of second and third-hand accounts, this speaker seems most congruent with James h imself, and thus one feels uncomfortable doubting the reliability of the omniscient writer. Either way, the use of the triple-frame structure offers up questions concerning gender-based assumptions, which James proves are still relevant in the liberal era of the 21st century. The female characters inÃ The Turn of the ScrewÃ are all in some way prejudiced according to their gender: the Governess can be seen, like Wilson saw her, as Ã¢â¬Ëa neurotic case of sex-repression; Miss Jessel was called by JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ friend Frederic Myers Ã¢â¬Ëa partially-materialized ghost of a harlot-governessÃ¢â¬â¢; Mrs. Grose is shown to be slow, having to Ã¢â¬Ësuppress an intellectual creakÃ¢â¬â¢; and Flora is likened by the governess to Ã¢â¬Ëa vulgarly pert little girl in the streetÃ¢â¬â¢. However, a Marxist reading of the novella sees the tensions and anxieties of class drive the strange events at Bly. One can argue that James associates the lower orders with immorality; for instanc e, coupled with the way Quint is likened physiognomically to the devil, with archetypal Ã¢â¬Ëwhiskers that are as red as his hairÃ¢â¬â¢, is his wearing Ã¢â¬Ëno hatÃ¢â¬â¢. This is symbolic of the fact that, as the governess maintains, he is Ã¢â¬Ënever Ã¢â¬â no, never! Ã¢â¬â a gentlemanÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â and thus James calls on class prejudices to heighten the evil of his Ã¢â¬Ëabnormal agent.Ã¢â¬â¢ Whilst the governess does in her preconceptions perpetuate the entrenched class system, describing Miles and QuintÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship as horrific since Quint is a Ã¢â¬Ëbase menialÃ¢â¬â¢, it is possible some of factors, which caused her to be Ã¢â¬Ëviewed harshlyÃ¢â¬â¢ by the reader, are due to her fear of class relegation. Critics Armstrong and Poovey suggest the governess of the 19th century is a disruptive figure who challenges some of the major tenets of class ideology, and was Ã¢â¬Ëcommonly represented as a threat to the householdÃ¢â¬â¢ because she perfo rmed the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s duties for money, blurring private and public spheres. James governess is an avid reader, and may well have read Mrs. WhatleyÃ¢â¬â¢s 1855Ã The Roving BeeÃ in which it is warned that governesses should not be Ã¢â¬Ëtoo prettyÃ¢â¬â¢, otherwise they may, like Miss Jessel, become Ã¢â¬Ëfallen womenÃ¢â¬â¢. One could argue that when the governess notes that Jessel looked at her Ã¢â¬Ëlong enough to appear to say that her right to sit at my table was as good as mine to sit at hersÃ¢â¬â¢, she is hallucinating a vision of her future social degradation, which will occur if her desire for the master loses her the Ã¢â¬ËonlyÃ means by which a woman not born in the servile classesÃ canÃ earn the means of subsistenceÃ¢â¬â¢, as Jameson puts it. On this theme, it is possible that the plight of the governess plagued by terrible ghosts who no one sees; isolated and unable to write to the irresponsible master who is without Ã¢â¬Ëthe right grain of pa tienceÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â represents what Edwin Fussell describes as her Ã¢â¬Ëpattern of economic and social exploitation. She is a worker, she is poor, her security of employment is dubious, upward mobility is almost always denied herÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Casas 2 Struggles I grew up in a Mexican family listening to corridos, which are a type of song, due to the fact that at every party, every celebration, and every occasion, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what the family would play. As I became more aware and conscious, I began to realize what these songs were actually saying. Corridos are a narrative song that showcase topics such as poverty, hard times, success, immigration, social and political problems, and/or life in general. A prominent and recurring theme that I saw developing throughout several corridos is immigration. Numerous songs, were expressing strong feelings whom many many undocumented Mexicans (or now U.S. residents/citizens), including my parents and other family members shared regarding theyÃ¢â¬â¢re citizenship status, how they were being discriminated against, and ultimately how they were feeling about this whole situation. Feelings of anger were voiced, as they dialogue about how America was born free, how man divided it, and how essentially they too are as much as American as Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ Americans. For the reason they undoubtedly worked hard for what they accomplished with blood, sweat, and tears. In addition, even being first generation Mexican American, I too can relate to the struggle, having to work twice as hard just because I do not look a certain way. Furthermore, they talk about how they just came to America to work, to provide a better living situation for their families. Ultimately, they were running away from poverty. In
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Stakeholder Analysis The stakeholders of PepsiCo play an important role in how the corporation operates as a whole. In a business, the company does things that affect the stakeholders, and the stakeholders do things that affect the company. Together, these parts must work to reach a common goal, overall business success. PepsiCo works to constantly adapt their strategies with the changing business environment, and by doing so, the company is able to keep the stakeholders involved and interested. Ã¢â¬Å"The following are PepsiCoÃ¢â¬â¢s major stakeholder groups, arranged according to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s prioritization: Consumers and customers, communities, employees, investors, and government.Ã¢â¬ (Greenspan, 2015). PepsiCoÃ¢â¬â¢s top priority when it comes to stakeholders is the consumers and customers. This group of stakeholders takes precedence because it is this group that purchases the companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ products and Ã¢â¬Å"determines the financial standing of the company in terms of revenuesÃ¢â¬ (Greenspan, 2015). When creating products by using tools such as innovation, adaptation and expansion, PepsiCo is thinking of this group. Consumers expect high quality, health conscious, and honest products; and if these qualities are not delivered, the consumers will potentially choose a different corporation to do business with. This practice ties in with PepsiCoÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing strategy of responsible marketing. Following consumers and customers, the company focuses heavily on their impact on the community. Ã¢â¬Å"CommunitiesShow MoreRelatedStrategic Planning, Budgeting And Forecasting847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmaximize ROI across organizational functions. ________________________________________ CORE COMPETENCIES Ã¯â § Strategic Planning, Budgeting Forecasting Ã¯â § Financial Planning and Analysis Ã¯â § PL Ownership Management Ã¯â § Trade Promotion ROI Optimization Ã¯â § Merger Acquisition Integration Experience Ã¯â § Revenue Management and Pricing Analysis Ã¯â § Talent Selection, Development and Retention Ã¯â § Personal Values: Fairness, Empathy and Integrity ________________________________________ PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS BalancedRead MoreCoca-Cola Business Strategy8378 Words Ã |Ã 34 Pages94% of the world population. How did Coca-Cola grow from its humble roots as a home-brewed Georgia-based patent medicine to be the international soft drink powerhouse that it is today? 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The Leading Beverage Companies And Their Competitive Brands----19 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Coca Cola Company-----------------------------------------------20 Ã¢â¬ ¢ PepsiCO India------------------------------------------------------23 Read MoreInternational Business Environment6667 Words Ã |Ã 27 Pagesexample of impact of Globalization in other areas - culture; society; technology; financial markets. Seminar 3 Reading: Morrison, J (2006) International Business Environment, Ch5. Or Morrison (2009) parts of Ch 2. Group Case Study1: PepsiCoÃ¢â¬â¢s path to internationalization. Morrison (2009)p.20. Group Case study 2: Nokia keeps competitors at bay Morrison (2009) pp. 50- 51 WEEK 4 Lecture 4: The Economic Environment How do we compare national economies; what are the policy measures openRead MoreOperational Strategy in Nestle24176 Words Ã |Ã 97 Pagesproduct list) (Warehouse Sheikhupura) (Warehouse Kabirwala) (Warehouse Lahore) 62 65 69 79 81 85 91 92 93 4 Introduction What is strategy? 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss the differences between emotion, mood, personality and temperament. Then, discuss two theories of emotion. finally, give your suggestion how we can better manage our emotion. Answer: Introduction Emotion is one of the mental characteristics featuring the activities of mind supported by the degree of displeasure and pleasure. Many psychologists have pointed out that emotions are influenced by the psychological behavior of the person. Emotions stimulate the working of the nervous system at any situations. This tends to dominate the senses of human when the latter faces any circumstances, which might be suitable or dangerous to that being at high intensity (Damasio Carvalho, 2013; Izard, 2013). The aim of the topic is to point out the differences between emotions and its various wings such as mood, personality and temperament based on the discussion. The topic also states about the two theories of emotion such as James- Lange theory and Cannon-Bard theory which evaluates the physiological emotions with intricacy, the two different theories pointing out the aspects and origin of emotions in human mind Drawing differences between emotions, mood, temperament and personality Mood, personality and temperament are entwined with emotions. However, there are certain differences between them that needs to be pointed out accordingly. These aspects are the vital elements, which can shape a human nature. These elements tend to describe human beings psychology through their responses. Therefore, by keeping this important view in mind, it is significant to discuss the characteristics of these mental activities and how they are linked to each other with their differences. Emotion is expressed by consciously expressing the thoughts and the mental activity that a human experienced. It is stimulated by the outcome of the response of the external behavior or environment. It affects the person psychologically but tends to last for a shorter period. For example, another persons attitude might hurt a person and latter becomes emotionally weak. The attitude is the result of the external environment, which is regulating the nervous system of the person who is hurt. Mood is the extension of emotion or it is being regulated by the habits of a person. It lasts longer than emotions. For example, if a person is emotionally hurt at a higher intensity, and if the reaction lasts longer, it might affect the persons habits such as sleeping or eating. This results to the change in mood of the person (Droit, 2013; Farb Seagl, 2012). Temperament unlike emotion and mood is either inherited or innate in a persons character. It is also something which a child learned with experiences and therefore brought a change in the character of the child as that person grows up. The intentions, behavior are measured by the parameter of a mans temperament towards environment. Personality on the other hand carries all the qualities which can make a person to stand out from the crowd of people (Mischel, 2013). Emotions, mood and temperament are the basic qualities, which shape up the character of human and also make the human distinct from other individuals. It is based on respon se of the person to the environment around him (Halverson, Konstamm Martin, 2014). Unlike personality and temperament, emotion is not closely related to someones personality, yet it being one of the major qualities, describes the behavior of personality in a human being. It does not exist longer nor it gets tangled up with the characteristic of human nature. Emotions are the sudden happenings that happen with a man, it is more an external push to the adrenalin hormone of the living beings. Mood also , more or less like emotions, do not tend to describe someones temperament and personality for a major extent in most of the times. Mood as already mentioned before is an extension of emotions and for example if a teenager has a major disorder of depression, the teenager can feel sad for some time or some weeks, this transition should not be included in his personality trait (Morris, 2012). This can be treated with any treatment assistance, encouragement and change of places. It has been already stated before that temperament is the mental ability of the human being. It tends to last longer. Unlike Emotions and Mood, it is closely associated with personality. Some people tent to suffer from nervousness or become irritated with small things. It is vague than the other three qualities of human being. It is based on beliefs where on the other hand, emotion is a sudden reaction and an immediate response of the human being to the people with whom they are dealing and a persons mood can be identified if it extends for a longer period (Morris, 2012). Personality is an another mental ability which gives a shape to the human character, it is displayed for a longer period of time. For example a child who is having bipolarity generally influenced the childs reaction on any type of situations or events. This characteristic is also known by the name Personality Trait. Even if the child is loving and stubborn, it is the childs personality trait , it is finally describe the person. Unlike Emotions and mood, firstly it is not temporary, personality is inherited. Secondly, Temperament can be nurtured as one starts to grow, it is more a natural or reasonable instinct. On the other hand, personality can be achieved in an individual for years (Chen Schmidt, 2015; Halverson, Konstamm Martin, 2014). Different factors such as pressures in life, being social and education brings an impact on the personality. However, a persons personality can only be identified or justified if that person shows the qualities of emotion mood and temperament. Therefore, linking up these basic qualities of human beings, it could be deduced that a persons mood, emotions temperament and personality although share much different characteristics, but a finally a personality of a human being can only be judged if that person carries the qualities of these psychological and behavioral elements. A strict person in a society should be emotionally strong, will not let the emotions to change the mood. The person must show or control owns temperament in any harsh situation and this entire thing will finally give shape to personality of the person. Theories of emotions Among the six major theories of emotion, The James Lange theory and The Cannon bard are the two important theories, which are discussed in the following (Plutchik Kellerman, 2013). James- Langes emotion theory It is regarded as one of the best examples to describe the emotion based on physiology. William James and Carl Lange, two physiologists, propound the theory of emotion in the year 1884, points out that emotions are the result of the series of physiological events. It is stated in the theory that external push or stimulus leads to a physiological reaction. Thee theory suggests that the interpretation of the physical reactions will depend upon the reactions of emotions. The reactions of body will determine the emotions of a person ( Laird Lacasee, 2014). For example, when a person is walking on the street and suddenly a car came down to that person in a rush, however, the driver at the right moment stopped the car and the man got relieved. The entire incidents outcome could be concluded in a way that the person got frightened which happened on the sudden beatings of the heart. Thus, the knowledge the theory imparts is that the person was felt frightened because the person was quiverin g, not the vice versa. Cannon- Bards theory of emotion Another important theory of physiology is Cannon Bard theory. Walter Cannon, the one who has propounded theory in 1920 in contrast to the James Lange theory of emotion later extended by Philip Bard in 1930, stated that the human also sometimes experience physiological reactions which are connected to emotions that in actually cannot be felt. For example, while walking on the treadmill, a person can feel the heart beats without being frightened, but for the exercise which was done. It has also been stated by the theory that it might happen the person before while facing any danger, before experiencing the fear related to physiological symptoms such as fast breathing, quivering or trembling, the person will start getting afraid. According to this theory, shivering , sweating and the tension of muscle can be felt at the same time (Dror, 2014). Best ways to control and manage emotions Emotions are the basic part of life, and this is something, which is inevitable for the human to manage them accordingly. The best ways to manage them is that while encountering the danger in environment, a person without understanding the depth should not react right a way. Even if that person is angry, he needs to control and must fetch a diplomatic plan. While a person cannot bottled up the emotions, that person needs to speak with the dear ones . Whenever any negative thoughts are pondering, it is important to replace them with positive thinking (Ayoko, Konrad Boyle,2012). Conclusion Thus to conclude, emotions are the basic part of a humans life and it is being managed or stimulated according with the situations. Researchers have already trying to figure out the depth of emotions by writing theories making out the differences between mood, temperament, personality and emotions. The two physiological theories have well explained the importance of physiological aspects in the theory. It has also been stated in the topic that how the management of emotions can be done. References Ayoko, O. B., Konrad, A. M., Boyle, M. V. (2012). Online work: Managing conflict and emotions for performance in virtual teams.European Management Journal,30(2), 156-174. Chen, X., Schmidt, L. A. (2015). Temperament and personality.Handbook of child psychology and developmental science. Damasio, A., Carvalho, G. B. (2013). The nature of feelings: evolutionary and neurobiological origins.Nature Reviews Neuroscience,14(2), 143-152. Droit-Volet, S. (2013). Time perception, emotions and mood disorders.Journal of Physiology-Paris,107(4), 255-264. Dror, O. E. (2014). The CannonBard thalamic theory of emotions: A brief genealogy and reappraisal.Emotion Review,6(1), 13-20. Farb, N. A., Anderson, A. K., Segal, Z. V. (2012). The mindful brain and emotion regulation in mood disorders.The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,57(2), 70-77. Halverson, C. F., Kohnstamm, G. A., Martin, R. P. (2014).The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood. Psychology Press. Izard, C. E. (2013).Human emotions. Springer Science Business Media. Laird, J. D., Lacasse, K. (2014). Bodily influences on emotional feelings: Accumulating evidence and extensions of William Jamess theory of emotion.Emotion Review,6(1), 27-34. Mischel, W. (2013).Personality and assessment. Psychology Press. Morris, W. N. (2012).Mood: The frame of mind. Springer Science Business Media. Plutchik, R., Kellerman, H. (Eds.). (2013).Theories of emotion(Vol. 1). Academic Press.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
People in America were extremely fed up and angry with the events happening In Vietnam and the huge negative effect It was having on the economy. Nixon promised Peace with Honor In Vietnam which attracted many voters towards him. Many people were sick of Johnnys policy so the felt as if they needed a change. Although Nixon didnt want to use the war to his advantage, his Secretary of State, Kissing, implied that peace is at hand in November 1972 which definitely benefited Nixon.Nixon had been illegally communicating with the South Vietnamese president to persuade him not to seek a ace settlement while Johnson was still In office. However, Nixon was very vague In speaking about Vietnam and often tried to change the subject when he was asked about it. Therefore eventually not much was done about Vietnam by Nixon, as it still continued after he won the election. We will write a custom essay sample on Richard Nixon Presidency or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Another reason why Nixon won by a landslide in 1972 was because he appealed greatly to Middle America.His campaign focused more directly on Middle America, the silent majority Speeches were designed to appeal to anyone opposed to asses Counterculture, radicalism and change. He remised to restore law and order to the clues, to make government and more streamlined and economical, and seemed to suggest that he was prepared to curb welfare programmer that in turn would provide tax cuts. This lead to the New Economic Policy and New Federalism which tackled rising inflation, rising unemployment and debt from war expenditure.The New Economic Policy in August 1971 brought in a freeze on wages to try and control inflation. However, it had little long term benefit and TLD solve underlying problems but the active and innovative approach won Nixon votes. HIS New Federalism programmer gave states more control ever spending federal money allocated to them and reduced the bureaucracy connected with federal finances which also won Nixon more votes. Even though many of Onions policies attracted many voters, you can argue that the reason why he won was because the weakness of McGovern.His liberal views were out of touch with conservative Middle America. The Republicans called him the acid, abortion and amnesty candidate because he wanted to legalese marijuana and abortion and provide amnesty for Vietnam draft dodgers. This was too permissive and lacked patriotism for many voters. However, almost all of Onions policies appealed to Middle America which confirmed him as their reliable candidate. Nixon kept a personal rather than a Republican focus on his campaign which was a wise move in view of the democratically controlled Congress.Moderate Democrats who didnt like McGovern were less vocal in opposition to Nixon. Therefore, McGovern mistakes and winning the election by a landslide. Nixon was the first president in the United States that had to resign in 1974. This was mainly due to the Watergate scandal from 1972-1974. People who worked for Nixon had broken into to Watergate building to tap phones of the opposite party. Some of the reasons for ordering the Watergate break in was that because Nixon had decreased the Acacias power, they were planning to bring Nixon down and to expose democrats linked to radical groups.Nixon was eventually exposed and faced impeachment from presidency by the House Judiciary Committee. Nixon tried to Justify his actions over Watergate by saying how his daughter was getting death threats and how everybody tried to bug everybody else, as Kennedy and Bobby also did it, but he Just got caught. He was forced to give up his presidency because he had lost many of the support that he had from everyone round him including Congress as they felt as if they had been betrayed by their own President, so it would have made it impossible for him to successfully run America.
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Independence essays A democracy is a system of government controlled by the people, not by one certain group or individual. In the Declaration of Independence it states that all men are created equal, an idea which leads to the concept that all citizens should have the same rights, responsibilities, and influence in the governing of their country. The philosophy of the Declaration of Independence in writing by Thomas Jefferson was trying to break his ties with the harsh and non-democratic rule of the British and begin a new, equal society and government for America. The Declarations statement of equality and unalienable rights is very closely connected to the idea of democracy. To have a democracy that works well you must have equality between people, and the citizens must feel that the government represents their concerns. By eliminating the control of a monarchy, Jefferson envisioned a country where all men would have the opportunity to control their own destinies. Jefferson foresaw a government where individual rights would be recognized and the new government would represent the interests of all its citizens. In a democracy all these are possible to achieve. By writing this document, Thomas Jefferson was trying to separate himself and the great country he lived in from the unfair and controlling British. He believed that it was time for America to break away from Britains rule and become its own nation, which could govern itself. To do this he had to write powerful statement and it was the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson felt that Britain was doing nothing but hurting America with unfair rules and all sorts of ridiculous taxes. The colonies and colonists had no rights in determining the very laws which dictated the way they led their lives. The Declaration of Independence was a formal document stating that the people of America were breaking away from Britain and that the American colonies were now Free ...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Economic Analysis Of The Energy Sector - Essay Example I will use articles, journals and books relating to the energy sector business to write this essay. Section One Self Employment Opportunities in the Energy Sector are indicators of growth and prosperity of a nation. Fossil fuels are diminishing at an increasing rate and have become scarce (Steger, 2005). Due to the scarcity, conservation and efficient utilization of various forms of energy have been of concern. Conservation of energy and efficient utilization of energy has tremendous potential, self-employment opportunities (Taylor and Parish, 2008). There are various nonbanking financial institutions, which have developed as a result of promoting energy conservation. In addition, individuals can get self-employment in the energy sector through setting up energy auditing firms that are accredited or becoming an individual consultant in the line of energy auditing (PetersonÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2010). Methodology In writing this research, primary and secondary materials will be used. Primary sou rces include interviewing self-employed people in the energy sector and talking to people in the energy business. Secondary sources used include books, articles and various reports provided by institutions and companies in the energy sector. General Trends in the Energy Sector World energy production has undergone a pivotal transformation in energy and resource management. Due to the growing world population currently standing at seven billion, there is a need in the development of the entire energy sector to ensure sustainability in the sector (Chung, 2005). This development requires people who are skilled in taking over investments in the energy sector. A research conducted by Karen Ward reveals that there is an adequate supply of oil for the next fifty years, and that of gas for the next 100-200 years (UNEP, 2009), but due to the growing demand for oil and gas, extraction cost and environment preservation, the industry faces a future with challenges and focuses on renewable energ y sources in securing a sustainable future. Some global organizations are promoting investments in the renewable sources in order to achieve sustainability. The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s investments in the renewable sources of energy have increased by around 30% from 2009-2010, attaining a level of $ 243 billion (UNEP, 2010). This can be attributed to the utility companies seeking the reduction of carbon emissions and organizations seeking investments in the energy sector to achieve sustainable levels. According to Allen and York (2010), they see the growth of renewable energy within the portfolio and corporate, business plans of modern companies. Hence, the number corporations seeking renewable energy investments are on the increase. The European job market in the wind targets to increase renewable energy by 20% by 2020 and is positively responding to the set targets (EWEA, 2009). According to RenewableUK (2011), strong growth in the wind energy sector is expected over the next decade, creati ng over 250,000 new employment opportunities. There is a growing demand for energy professionals in the UK due to the rise in wind energy firms (EWEA, 2009). This has created self-employment job opportunities for those individuals willing to invest in the sector (Deitche, 2010). From the recent developments in the renewable energy investments, there is an increasing demand for project managers, connection engineers, environment assessors, energy auditors, and project developers to undertake the investment business.