Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Who was the Real Monster? Frankenstein

The beast rose from the table. He gazed at the animal whom he had made, at that point fled in dread. He fled on the grounds that the beast looked in no way like anything he had ever observed previously; it was gigantic and completely startling. He figured it would hurt him as beasts are regularly depicted to do. What might any human do in a circumstance like that? Bias isn't a feeling in itself; it is a branch of dread. He dreaded the beast, which is the reason he carried on of partiality and made a decision about the beast essentially dependent on its appearance. Partiality is an assessment framed heretofore or without information dependent on physical appearance.In Mary Shelley’s tale Frankenstein, perusers frequently ask who the genuine beast is. Is it the beast himself for resembling a beast and executing numerous honest individuals? Or on the other hand is it Victor for making such an awful beast? The appropriate response is not one or the other. When inspected intently, it turns out to be evident that the genuine beast in Mary Shelley’s epic is bias. Due to preference, Victor is frightened of his own creation and abandons the beast. In light of bias, everyone is terrified of the beast and never at any point allows him to become more acquainted with them just on account of the manner in which he looks. On account of bias, the beast executes his first victim.The partiality against the beast is extraordinary to such an extent that it even persuades the beast himself that he is a beast and isn't deserving of life. There are no characters in Frankenstein that are genuinely beasts; the main genuine beast is the partiality ingrained in these characters who do awful things. Victor Frankenstein made the beast with well meaning goals. Truth be told, he â€Å"had wanted it with a zest that far surpassed balance. . . † (Shelley 43). At the point when the beast got up, Victor dreaded his own creation. Victor prejudges his creation since he fears w hat it is able to do and runs away.Victor communicates his dread of his creation when he says, â€Å". . . yet, since I had completed, the excellence of the fantasy evaporated, and short of breath loathsomeness and appall filled my heart. Incapable to persevere through the part of the being I had made, I hurried out of the room†¦ † (Shelley 43). Victor believed that the beast would be excellent and astonishing, yet after observing that the beast didn't turn out the manner in which he had anticipated that it should, Victor gets frightened and carries on of preference, leaving the room. After Victor leaves the room and withdraws to his bed chamber, he rises and shines from his rest and sees the monster.Victor naturally gets scared and escapes the room, feeling that the beast would hurt him. Keep in mind, partiality is a conclusion shaped in advance or without information dependent on physical appearance. Victor’s partiality is obvious when he says: I viewed the bast ard the hopeless beast whom I had made. He held up the window ornament of the bed; and his eyes, if eyes they might be called, were fixed on me. His jaws opened, and he murmured some bumbling sounds, while a smile wrinkled his cheeks. He may have spoken, however I didn't hear; one hand was loosened up, appearing to confine me, yet I got away and surged ground floor (Shelley 44).Simply the words that Victor uses to portray the beast, whom he doesn't have the foggiest idea, are awful! Victor calls the beast â€Å"wretch† and calls his mouth â€Å"jaws† as though the beast is some kind of creature. The beast even attempts to address Victor, however Victor doesn't tune in to what the beast needs to state since Victor gets frightened of the beast dependent on in transit he looks. This is an away from of bias. The beast connects an arm and, accidental of what the beast will even do, Victor accept that the beast is attempting to â€Å"detain† him, yet he â€Å"escaped and hurried downstairs†.Certainly, Victor’s conduct isn't exemplary; notwithstanding, his activities are a consequence of his partiality alone. In addition to the fact that Victor prejudges the beast just dependent on the manner in which he looks, everyone the beast meets prejudges him and is frightened of him. In the beasts first experience with a man, the man â€Å"turned on hearing a clamor, and seeing [the monster], he screamed noisily, and stopping the cottage, stumbled into the fields with a speed of which his crippled structure barely showed up capable† (Shelley 93).The man sees the beast and, without saying a word, naturally pre passes judgment on the beast to be risky dependent on in transit he looks then â€Å"[runs] over the fields with a speed of which his incapacitated structure scarcely appear[s] capable†. The man didn't have all the earmarks of being an awful man. Truth be told, his morning meal â€Å"consisted of bread, cheddar, milk. . . † (Shelley 93) simply like some other typical man. This man isn't a beast for rewarding the beast inadequately, it is plainly the preference ingrained in him when he is overwhelmed by dread that makes him flee from the monster.Upon the beasts second experience with a human, he goes into a house and sees a family who likewise prejudges him dependent on in transit he looks. The beast â€Å"had barely positioned [his] foot inside the entryway before the kids screamed, and one of the ladies fainted† (Shelley 94). The individuals don't allow the beast to talk. They don't have even an inkling what his character resembles. In any case, they prejudge him and naturally expect that he is an unsafe individual dependent on in transit he looks.Some of the residents even â€Å"attacked [the monster], until, intolerably wounded by stones and numerous different sorts of rocket weapons, [the monster] disappeared to the open nation. . . † (Shelley 94). Surely, the individuals of the town do appear beasts, assaulting the beast and hitting him with stones. Be that as it may, the locals are not the genuine beasts. They are just frightened for the lives of their families, so they carry on of partiality and without allowing the beast to introduce himself, they pursue him away reluctant to give him a possibility since they don't confide in someone who is so horrendous looking.It is clear here that it is exclusively the bias in them and nothing else that makes them drive the beast out of the town. Upon his third experience with people, the beast is living in a hut that is joined to a cabin. Through a gap the beast sees within the cabin and finds out about the family that comprised of: a visually impaired dad, a despondent child, and a sweet honest little girl. The beast gets appended to the family and â€Å"when they were despondent, [the monster] felt discouraged; when they celebrated, [the monster] identified in their joys† (Shelley 100).The beast does al l that he can to enable the family to out while staying covered up. Truth be told â€Å"[the monster] regularly took [the son’s] instruments, the utilization of which [the monster] immediately found, and brought home discharging adequate for the utilization of a few days† (Shelley 99). The family was glad about this, and â€Å"when [the daughter] opened the entryway toward the beginning of the day, showed up significantly amazed on observing an incredible heap of wood on the outside† (Shelley 99). Had the family discovered that it had been some standard man getting them out, they would have said thanks to him and welcomed him with joy.But, when the family observed the beast, â€Å"Agatha swooned, and Safie, unfit to take care of her companion, surged out of the cabin. Felix shot forward and with powerful power tore [the monster] from his dad. . . † (Shelley 123). It is unmistakably clear here that bias is the genuine beast in Frankenstein. The elderly per son is visually impaired, and after gathering the beast he doesn't flee, or swoon, or assault the beast. The elderly person welcomes the beast and treats him similarly as he would treat any other individual. Keep in mind, bias is a feeling framed previously or without information dependent on appearance.The elderly person is visually impaired so he was unable to prejudge dependent on the monster’s appearance be that as it may, Agatha, Safie, and Felix all observe the beast and prejudge him dependent on his appearance alone; accordingly carrying on of partiality. The elderly person couldn't prejudge, which is the reason he didn't treat the beast ineffectively. Once more, it is obviously apparent here that the individuals are not genuinely beasts; it is the partiality in them that causes them to carry on severely. All through the novel, the beast is dealt with ineffectively in light of prejudice.Ironically, he likewise executes his first casualty: William, on account of bias. F rom the start sight, the beast says that William was â€Å"a lovely youngster, who came running into the break [the monster] had picked, with all sportiveness of infancy† (Shelley 131). In any case, after hearing that the child’s â€Å"papa is a syndic-he is M. Frankenstein. . . † (Shelley 131), the beast â€Å"grasped [William’s] throat to quiet him, and in a second he lay dead at [the monster’s] feet† (Shelley 131). This obviously shows the monster’s activities are a consequence of his preference towards his creator.Because he discovers that the William’s father is M. Frankenstein, he prejudges William to be much the same as Victor Frankenstein-the monster’s maker, and takes William’s honest life. The preference against the beast is incredible to the point, that it persuades even the beast himself, that he is a beast! The monster’s maker, Victor, is bias towards him. The family the beast adores and thinks about extraordinarily is additionally preference towards him. Each and every human other than the visually impaired man who couldn't be partiality, is bias towards the monster!Even an unadulterated honest kid like William is preference towards the beast! It is totally clear through these models, that bias is the genuine beast in Mary Shelley’s epic Frankenstein. Partiality is as yet clear in today’s world, with significant issues, for example, bigotry, just as occasions in the past, for example, the Holocaust. In her novel Frankenstein, Mary Shelley cautions perusers about partiality, and it is significant that p

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Discussion Topics Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Conversation Topics - Assignment Example On the off chance that force is incorporated, an oppressive government can appear and abuse the condition of security, to make huge and preposterous obliteration both the United States and different countries. Disruptive force watches control and guideline in dynamic. The American sacred structure has favorable circumstances, for example, the act of practicality, which is important and material to a nation as extensive as the United States of America. The protected structure makes research facilities of majority rule government. There is experimentation of arrangements and state governments can gain from the victories and disappointments of different states. It helps set a condition of political solidness by isolating national government from territories of combative issues. At long last, the sacred structure energizes pluralism for example by growing to nearby, state and national levels. By isolating forces, it forestalls oppression (Beard and William 87). The burdens of the established structure incorporate anticipation of national strategy. It needs single arrangement on issues for example each state with its own and this creates turmoil. It additionally prompts absence of responsibility; the cover of state and national limits makes it difficult to appoint fault on approaches that have fizzled. To different majority rules systems, the structure of the constitution relies upon the geological and political inclusion. Little countries would work well with parliamentary frameworks, yet to completely rehearse vote based system, federalism would be the best. Individuals from general society ought to be satisfactorily educated on the issues of administration and governmental issues so as to completely rehearse majority rule government. This additionally helps in the observing of the exercises of the individuals in power. Obliviousness would lessen the adequacy of a vote based country. The majority of the Americans, be that as it may, are not well outfitted with this data to manage the arrangements of the

Friday, August 21, 2020

An Android Application Development

An Android Application Development This paper speaks quickly about creating applications on the android versatile stage utilizing the Java Programming language. The outline incorporates prologue to the android stage highlights, design, APIs, application system and the android SDK. A Hello World application strolls you through the advancement procedure to comprehend the ideas of the android programming stack and the instruments in question. In late 2007, a gathering of industry pioneers met up around the Android Platform to shape the Open Handset Alliance (http://www.openhandsetalliance.com). A portion of the coalitions unmistakable individuals include:â à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Sprint Nextel à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ T-Mobileâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Motorola à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Samsungâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Sony Ericsson à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Toshibaâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Vodafoneâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Googleâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Intelâ à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¢ Texas Instruments.â Android was intended to serve the requirements of versatile administrators, handset makers, and application engineers [3]. Android is: A product stack for cell phones that incorporates a working framework (Linux Kernel rendition 2.6), middleware and key applications. The Android SDK gives the devices and APIs important to start creating applications on the Android stage utilizing the Java programming language [1]. The Figure1: Android Architecture chart gives a decent diagram of what establishes the android stage. Android incorporates a lot of C/C++ libraries (demonstrated green in Figure1) utilized by different segments of the Android framework. These capacities are presented to engineers through the Android application structure. Android Platform Features: Coming up next is a clarification of the structure squares of the stage as demonstrated in Figure1. Application structure: Developers have full access to a similar system APIs utilized by the center applications (allude Figure1) written in Java. An application can distribute its abilities and some other application may then utilize those capacities. Basic all applications is a lot of administrations and frameworks, including: A rich and extensible arrangement of Views that can be utilized to manufacture an application, including records, networks, content boxes, fastens, and even an embeddable internet browser Content Providers that empower applications to get to information from different applications, (for example, Contacts), or to share their own information A Resource Manager, giving access to non-code assets, for example, confined strings, designs, and format documents A Notification Manager that empowers all applications to show custom cautions in the status bar An Activity Manager that deals with the lifecycle of utilizations and gives a typical route backstack Dalvik virtual machine improved for cell phones, executes documents in the Dalvik Executable (.dex) position. The dx apparatus remembered for the SDK changes over .class documents into .dex documents. Incorporated program dependent on the open source WebKit motor Improved illustrations fueled by a custom 2D designs library; 3D designs dependent on the OpenGL ES 1.0 detail (equipment speeding up discretionary) SQLite for organized information stockpiling Media support for basic sound, video, and still picture designs (MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF) GSM Telephony (equipment subordinate) Bluetooth, EDGE, 3G, and WiFi (equipment subordinate) Camera, GPS, compass, and accelerometer (equipment subordinate) Rich improvement condition including a gadget emulator, devices for troubleshooting, memory and execution profiling, and a module for the Eclipse IDE Application Fundamentals: Android applications are written in the Java programming language. The aggregated Java code alongside any information and asset documents required by the application is packaged by the aapt instrument into an Android bundle, a chronicle record set apart by an .apk addition. This record is the vehicle for appropriating the application and introducing it on cell phones; its the document clients download to their gadgets. All the code in a solitary .apk record is viewed as one application. Naturally, every application runs in its own Linux procedure, with an interesting linux client id. Each procedure has its own virtual machine (VM). Application Components: Android applications comprise of approximately coupled parts, bound utilizing a venture show that portrays every segment and how they collaborate. There are six parts that give the structure squares to your applications: 1) Activities: Your applications introduction layer. Each screen in your application will be an expansion of the Activity class. Exercises use Views to shape graphical UIs that shows data and react to client activities. Regarding work area improvement, an Movement is equal to a Form. 2) Services: Administrations are the undetectable laborers of your application. Administration segments run undetectably, refreshing your information sources and noticeable Activities and activating Notifi cations. Theyre utilized to perform standard preparing that necessities to proceed in any event, when your applications Activities arent dynamic or noticeable. 3) Content Providers: Are a shareable information store. Content Providers are utilized to oversee and share application databases. Content Providers are the favored method for sharing information across application limits. This implies you can confi gure your own Content Providers to allow get to from different applications and utilize Content Providers presented by others to get to their put away information. Android gadgets incorporate a few local Content Providers that uncover helpful databases like contact data. 4) Intents: They are straightforward message-passing structure. Utilizing Intents, you can communicate messages framework wide or to an objective Activity or Service, expressing your goal to have an activity performed. The framework will at that point decide the target(s) that will play out any activities as fitting. 5) Broadcast Receivers: By making and enlisting a Broadcast Receiver, your application can tune in for communicate Aims that coordinate explicit channel measures. Communicate Receivers will consequently begin your application to react to an approaching Intent, making them perfect for occasion driven applications. 6) Notifications: They are client notice system. Notifi cations let you signal clients without taking center or intruding on their present Activities. They are the favored procedure for getting a clients consideration from inside a Service or Broadcast Receiver. For instance, when a gadget gets an instant message or an approaching call, it cautions you by fl ashing lights, making sounds, showing symbols, or demonstrating discourse messages. You can trigger these equivalent occasions from your own applications utilizing Notifications. By decoupling the conditions between application parts, you can share and trade singular pieces, for example, Content Providers or Administrations, with different applications both your own and those of outsiders. The show document: The AndroidManifest.xml document is the place your worldwide settings are made. In the event that you are an ASP.NET designer, you can consider AndroidManifest.xml Web.config and Global.asax folded into one. (In the event that you are not an ASP.NET engineer, this implies AndroidManifest.xml is a spot for putting away settings.) AndroidManifest.xml will incorporate such settings as application consents, Activities, and goal channels. [4] It would be ideal if you allude to Code 1: Manifest document Building Hello World Application: We will compose the main android application, Hello World, utilizing the shroud IDE. Ensure that you have a reasonable variant of Eclipse(3.5 or 3.6 suggested) introduced on your PC. Download the windows .compress record for the SDK starter bundle. Unload the SDK records into an index named android-sdk-in a protected area on your PC. Next, introduce the Eclipse(3.5 or 3.6) ADT module for Android as follows: Start Eclipse, at that point select Help > Install New Software. Snap Add, in the upper right corner. In the Add Repository exchange that shows up, enter ADT Plugin for the Name and the following URL for the Location: https://dl-ssl.google.com/android/overshadow/ In Available Software exchange, select checkbox close to Developer Tools, click Next In the following window, youll see a rundown of the instruments to be downloaded. Snap Next. Peruse and acknowledge the permit understandings, at that point click Finish. At the point when the establishment finishes, restart Eclipse. At that point, design ADT by doing following advances: Select Window > Preferences to open the Preferences board Select Android from the left board. For the SDK Location in the fundamental board, click Browse and find your downloaded SDK registry. Snap Apply, at that point OK. Presently, to introduce a stage in Eclipse: In the Android SDK and AVD Manager, pick Available Packages in the left board. Snap the archive site checkbox to show the segments accessible for establishment. Select at any rate one stage to introduce, and click Install Selected. On the off chance that you arent sure which stage to introduce, utilize the most recent adaptation. Go on, and make an AVD: In Eclipse, pick Window > Android SDK and AVD Manager. Select Virtual Devices in the left board. Snap New. (The Create New AVD discourse shows up.) Type the name of the AVD, for example, my_avd. Pick an objective. The objective is the stage (that is, the variant of the Android SDK, such as 2.1) you need to run on the emulator. You can disregard the remainder of the fields for the present. Snap Create AVD. Make a New Android Project: After youve made an AVD, the following stage is to begin another Android venture in Eclipse. It would be ideal if you allude to Figure 12: New Android Project and furthermore follow the means underneath. Fill in the task subtleties with the accompanying qualities: Venture name: HelloAndroid Application name: Hello, Android Bundle name: com.example.helloandroid (or your own private namespace) Make Activity: HelloAndroid Snap Finish. Here is a depiction of each field: Venture Name: The name of the registry that will contain the task documents. Application Name: Thi

Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Sexism in The Turn of the Screw - Literature Essay Samples

Central to  The Turn of the Screw  is the question of the governess’ reliability. Analyses of the text from both ‘apparitionist’ and ‘non-apparitionist’ perspectives hinge upon a verdict passed by the critic on the trustworthiness, or conversely the ‘hysterical, compulsive, sadomasochistic’ nature as John Lydenberg put it, of the novella’s twice-removed narrator. Although James was keen to defend the governess’ sanity in his retrospective 1908 New York Preface, describing the story as ‘her particular credible statement of such strange matters’, he generates ambiguity about the protagonist’s credibility consistently throughout the text. Intrinsic to a feminist reading of the novella is the question, as Peter Biedler puts it: ‘would a  male  narrator of the story have been so easily moulded to fit so many different critical interpretations, and would he have been considered ‘hystericalâ €™ in so many of them?’ There is certainly structural and textual evidence to support the assertion that the governess’ actions and her report of her actions are undermined by her gender, making her victim of what Biedler termed ‘a subtle anti-feminism’. On the other hand, one can dispute this claim by suggesting that it is in fact a different determinant that causes the prevalent mistrust of the reader towards the ambiguous ‘heroine’: from a Marxist interpretation, this would be class. Both a feminist and a Marxist approach involve questioning whether Henry James himself was discriminating along the lines of gender and social status, or whether perhaps he was actually exposing the pervasive prejudices of his society, via the medium of his readers. Is  The Turn of the Screw  in itself misogynistic, or a divisive attack on the proletariat by an undoubtedly bourgeois writer, or does it offer a critique of those mindsets by exploring the contemporary stigma surrounding women and the ‘lower orders’ though the unchallengeable form of James’ ‘fairytale pure and simple’? Of course, as James tirelessly maintains, there is always the option to read  The Turn of the Screw  simply as a ‘pot-boiler’, a ‘jeu d’esprit’, designed, as he implied to H.G. Wells, to attract funds and popularity at a time of career crisis (after the flop  Guy Domville). This viewpoint suggests the governess is a reliable accessory to the cause of rousing ‘that dear old sacred terror’, not sidelined for any political purpose but rather, as the 1908 preface proposes, ‘intelligently neglected’, leaving space for James’ ‘effectual dealing’ with the ‘mystery†¦ of Peter Quint, Miss Jessel and the hapless children.’ Throughout the novella, there is evidence to suggest the governess is absurdly romantic and self-obsessed, s uccumbing to fits of fancy inspired in part by her repressed sexuality. Before the reader is permitted to hear the governess’ account, the i-narrator describes her meeting with the master in Harley Street: ‘such a figure as had never risen, save in a dream or an old novel, before a fluttered, anxious girl out of a Hampshire vicarage.’ Already James implies that governess ‘dreams’ of attractive, single men, from which one can infer she possesses an active but internally contained sexual drive. Her gender is used to further destabilize her in the phrase ‘fluttered, anxious girl.’ For a woman of twenty, the appellate ‘girl’ intimates the governess still bears the immature and feminine characteristics of her youth, forcing the reader to question her abilities. Undoubtedly, had the central character been a man of twenty, he would not have been described as a ‘fluttered, anxious boy.’ James makes persistent use of a l exicon suggestive of Romantic notions and romantically unfounded assumptions when narrating as the governess. Her discourse is marked by phrases such as ‘in which I had the fancy†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢, ‘I absolutely believed†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢, ‘I began to fancy†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ and ‘I felt sure†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢. The implied unreliability of the governess arising from her tendency to ‘fancy’ is reinforced by James’ use of Gothic tropes and devices of metafiction. For instance, the governess says of Bly: ‘I had the view of a castle of romance, such a place as would somehow take all the colour out of storybooks and fairytales’, which suggests that she is painting, and quite possibly embellishing, her role as a Gothic heroine. Bly’s isolated setting with its ‘machicolated square tower’ is a Gothic trope. She also mentions in chapter IX that ‘the book I had in my hand was Fielding’s  Amelia’; the interte xtuality reveals her preoccupation with fictional young women, like Amelia, who are rewarded for their virtuosity with a fairytale husband. This indicates that due to her gender, the governess’ telling of the story is clouded by delusions of glamour and grandeur. Critic Patricia N. Klingenberg proposes that the novella ‘expels the female’ since the governess’ narrative is framed and reframed by two male narrators, the i-narrator and Douglas’ prologue. One can certainly argue that the triple-frame narrative leads the reader to question the protagonist’s reliability and independence, if her story has to be, in effect, chaperoned by male characters. The critic Edwin Fussell asks ‘If a women writes a novel as good as a man – the same novel as a man – why indeed should she be a governess?’ This question exposes a contradiction within  The Turn of the Screw: although James, as he says in his preface, allows his heroine to have ‘â€Å"authority†, which is a good deal to have given her’, he does not permit the reader to fully trust or respect her, partly because we are made to see her as a humble child minder, dead without notable achievements outside this field. Furthermore, the governess’ narrative is not valuable in itself other than as a ‘jeu d’esprit’ to be related by Douglas, and in reality, James. Once again, it seems suspicious for James to include the governess’ thought: ‘it would be as charming as a charming story suddenly to meet someone’ just before her first sighting of Quint – since this musing does not bolster the tension of the ghost story, from a feminist angle one must conclude it proves that James seeks to undermine his protagonist’s credibility by implying that, as a woman, her observations are made erroneous by her desperation for male attention. On the other hand, one could argue that James’ portrayal of his heroine does not convey ‘a subtle anti-feminism that refuses to trust women’ but rather draws sharp attention towards the ‘artificial’ and ‘anomalous’ position of the governess in 19th century Britain. The way in which James’ fictional governess is destabilized as a character and as a narrator by her gender perhaps mirrors the way in which the governess in reality ‘blurred what was thought to be a stable distinction between domestic duty and labour for money’, as Armstrong put it. And thus, because the public and domestic spheres were gendered, the governess destabilized a distinction ‘on which the very notion of gender appeared to depend’. Where the Wilson-Goddard critics, from a feminist perspective, approach the text with misogyny by, as Paula Cohen says, treating the female narrator as ‘a collection of symptoms – and hence excluding her point of view’, it is possible to read the text alternatively as an assertive dramatization of the governess’ anxieties about her status as a woman. The governess, on her second sighting of Quint, says she feels as if she ‘had been looking at him for years and had known him always’, from which one can infer that the ‘erect’ Quint is an externalization of the governess’ distressing sexual desires, which have been consistently repressed by a misogynistic society: originally within the cultural confinement of her religious upbringing, and now in order to meet the ideal of the ‘sexless governess’ whom critic Poovey notes is ‘expected not to display wilfulness or desires herself. The governess is fixated on the sexually suspect transgressions of her ‘vile predecessor’ Miss Jessel, even when they are not founded on concrete evidence – she relentlessly presses Mrs. Grose to reveal Miss Jessel’s misdemeanors: ‘But I shall get it out of you yet! There was something in the boy that suggested to you that he covered and concealed their relation.’ In her compulsion to find her predecessor as sexually deviant, the governess, as Sheila Teahan puts it, ‘displaces onto Jessel her anxiety about the precarious discursive slippage between the working woman and the prostitute.’ This is underlined at the end of chapter XV, after another sighting of Miss Jessel, when the governess says: ‘Dishonoured and tragic, she was all before me.’ Even from an apparitionist standpoint, believing the ghosts to be genuine, one can certainly read this line as the governess sublimating her crippling fear of become a ‘fallen woman’ onto the spirit of Miss Jessel. It is clear from the protagonist’s almost obsessive reinforcement of her own ‘discretion and general high propriety’ that she has become trapped in a female dichotomy of vice versus virtue. ‘Dishonoured and tragic ’ is an apt description of the life stretching ‘all before’ the governess if she released her sexual yearning from the fetters of patriarchy. By highlighting the literally haunting fate of any self-determining, unmarried woman who dared to express her sexuality in the repressive time at which the novella was written, James perhaps exposes rather than supports the more than ‘subtle anti-feminism’ of his day. Two aspects of the prologue operate ingeniously as looking glasses, perfectly reflecting the reader’s prejudices. Firstly, as mentioned earlier, almost all critics assume the i-narrator to be male. One example is critic Anthony Mazella who states the pederastic relationship between Quint and Miles is ‘attributable to the [homosexual] relationship between Douglas and the narrator.’ In fact, James meticulously makes no reference to the gender of the i-narrator, demonstrating the unfounded and anti-feminist assumption made by his readers that if unstated, a reliable-sounding speaker must be male. The second aspect follows on from the first. Although the much of the endless commentary on  The Turn of the Screw  centers on ‘the notorious question of the governess’ reliability’ as Teahan calls it, and critics are anxious to examine every word she utters for indications of subjectivity and delusion, the preamble to the story from the i-narrator who was neither at Bly nor ever met the governess, is not questioned. The i-narrator recounts, not verbatim, Douglas’ ‘touches,’ which are essential for framing the story. He says ‘the first of these touches conveyed that the written statement took up the tale at a point after it had, in a manner, begun’ and goes on to describe the governess’ trip to Harley Street, on which much of our opinion on her is based. Whilst it is common for critics to suggest the governess’ subjectivity makes the events of th e novella subject to interpretation, readers are, for the most part, willing to unquestioningly accept the anonymous i-narrator’s undoubtedly subjective account of the heroine’s character (it is by definition subjective since it has been re-phrased and thus re-interpreted) from which many Wilson-esque suspicions of ‘neurotic’ and ‘sexually repressed’ motivations arise. For example, it is from this passage that the protagonist’s passion for the master is inferred: ‘he struck her, inevitably, as gallant and splendid.’ Does the reader regard the governess’ sanity as fair game, but the i-narrator as unimpeachable because of the assumption that the former is female, the latter male? If so, James successfully exposes his reader’s innate misogyny. Alternately, perhaps one places trust in the i-narrator because, in a story mainly made up of second and third-hand accounts, this speaker seems most congruent with James h imself, and thus one feels uncomfortable doubting the reliability of the omniscient writer. Either way, the use of the triple-frame structure offers up questions concerning gender-based assumptions, which James proves are still relevant in the liberal era of the 21st century. The female characters in  The Turn of the Screw  are all in some way prejudiced according to their gender: the Governess can be seen, like Wilson saw her, as ‘a neurotic case of sex-repression; Miss Jessel was called by James’ friend Frederic Myers ‘a partially-materialized ghost of a harlot-governess’; Mrs. Grose is shown to be slow, having to ‘suppress an intellectual creak’; and Flora is likened by the governess to ‘a vulgarly pert little girl in the street’. However, a Marxist reading of the novella sees the tensions and anxieties of class drive the strange events at Bly. One can argue that James associates the lower orders with immorality; for instanc e, coupled with the way Quint is likened physiognomically to the devil, with archetypal ‘whiskers that are as red as his hair’, is his wearing ‘no hat’. This is symbolic of the fact that, as the governess maintains, he is ‘never – no, never! – a gentleman’ – and thus James calls on class prejudices to heighten the evil of his ‘abnormal agent.’ Whilst the governess does in her preconceptions perpetuate the entrenched class system, describing Miles and Quint’s relationship as horrific since Quint is a ‘base menial’, it is possible some of factors, which caused her to be ‘viewed harshly’ by the reader, are due to her fear of class relegation. Critics Armstrong and Poovey suggest the governess of the 19th century is a disruptive figure who challenges some of the major tenets of class ideology, and was ‘commonly represented as a threat to the household’ because she perfo rmed the mother’s duties for money, blurring private and public spheres. James governess is an avid reader, and may well have read Mrs. Whatley’s 1855  The Roving Bee  in which it is warned that governesses should not be ‘too pretty’, otherwise they may, like Miss Jessel, become ‘fallen women’. One could argue that when the governess notes that Jessel looked at her ‘long enough to appear to say that her right to sit at my table was as good as mine to sit at hers’, she is hallucinating a vision of her future social degradation, which will occur if her desire for the master loses her the ‘only  means by which a woman not born in the servile classes  can  earn the means of subsistence’, as Jameson puts it. On this theme, it is possible that the plight of the governess plagued by terrible ghosts who no one sees; isolated and unable to write to the irresponsible master who is without ‘the right grain of pa tience’ – represents what Edwin Fussell describes as her ‘pattern of economic and social exploitation. She is a worker, she is poor, her security of employment is dubious, upward mobility is almost always denied her†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Analysis Of The Movie Corridos - 862 Words

Casas 2 Struggles I grew up in a Mexican family listening to corridos, which are a type of song, due to the fact that at every party, every celebration, and every occasion, that’s what the family would play. As I became more aware and conscious, I began to realize what these songs were actually saying. Corridos are a narrative song that showcase topics such as poverty, hard times, success, immigration, social and political problems, and/or life in general. A prominent and recurring theme that I saw developing throughout several corridos is immigration. Numerous songs, were expressing strong feelings whom many many undocumented Mexicans (or now U.S. residents/citizens), including my parents and other family members shared regarding they’re citizenship status, how they were being discriminated against, and ultimately how they were feeling about this whole situation. Feelings of anger were voiced, as they dialogue about how America was born free, how man divided it, and how essentially they too are as much as American as â€Å"real† Americans. For the reason they undoubtedly worked hard for what they accomplished with blood, sweat, and tears. In addition, even being first generation Mexican American, I too can relate to the struggle, having to work twice as hard just because I do not look a certain way. Furthermore, they talk about how they just came to America to work, to provide a better living situation for their families. Ultimately, they were running away from poverty. In

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Stakeholder Analysis Pepsicos Top Priority - 1370 Words

Stakeholder Analysis The stakeholders of PepsiCo play an important role in how the corporation operates as a whole. In a business, the company does things that affect the stakeholders, and the stakeholders do things that affect the company. Together, these parts must work to reach a common goal, overall business success. PepsiCo works to constantly adapt their strategies with the changing business environment, and by doing so, the company is able to keep the stakeholders involved and interested. â€Å"The following are PepsiCo’s major stakeholder groups, arranged according to the company’s prioritization: Consumers and customers, communities, employees, investors, and government.†(Greenspan, 2015). PepsiCo’s top priority when it comes to stakeholders is the consumers and customers. This group of stakeholders takes precedence because it is this group that purchases the companies’ products and â€Å"determines the financial standing of the company in terms of revenues†(Greenspan, 2015). When creating products by using tools such as innovation, adaptation and expansion, PepsiCo is thinking of this group. Consumers expect high quality, health conscious, and honest products; and if these qualities are not delivered, the consumers will potentially choose a different corporation to do business with. This practice ties in with PepsiCo’s marketing strategy of responsible marketing. Following consumers and customers, the company focuses heavily on their impact on the community. â€Å"CommunitiesShow MoreRelatedStrategic Planning, Budgeting And Forecasting847 Words   |  4 Pagesmaximize ROI across organizational functions. ________________________________________ CORE COMPETENCIES ï‚ § Strategic Planning, Budgeting Forecasting ï‚ § Financial Planning and Analysis ï‚ § PL Ownership Management ï‚ § Trade Promotion ROI Optimization ï‚ § Merger Acquisition Integration Experience ï‚ § Revenue Management and Pricing Analysis ï‚ § Talent Selection, Development and Retention ï‚ § Personal Values: Fairness, Empathy and Integrity ________________________________________ PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS BalancedRead MoreCoca-Cola Business Strategy8378 Words   |  34 Pages94% of the world population. How did Coca-Cola grow from its humble roots as a home-brewed Georgia-based patent medicine to be the international soft drink powerhouse that it is today? 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Emotion and Its Theories-Free-Samples for Students-Myassignment

Question: Discuss the differences between emotion, mood, personality and temperament. Then, discuss two theories of emotion. finally, give your suggestion how we can better manage our emotion. Answer: Introduction Emotion is one of the mental characteristics featuring the activities of mind supported by the degree of displeasure and pleasure. Many psychologists have pointed out that emotions are influenced by the psychological behavior of the person. Emotions stimulate the working of the nervous system at any situations. This tends to dominate the senses of human when the latter faces any circumstances, which might be suitable or dangerous to that being at high intensity (Damasio Carvalho, 2013; Izard, 2013). The aim of the topic is to point out the differences between emotions and its various wings such as mood, personality and temperament based on the discussion. The topic also states about the two theories of emotion such as James- Lange theory and Cannon-Bard theory which evaluates the physiological emotions with intricacy, the two different theories pointing out the aspects and origin of emotions in human mind Drawing differences between emotions, mood, temperament and personality Mood, personality and temperament are entwined with emotions. However, there are certain differences between them that needs to be pointed out accordingly. These aspects are the vital elements, which can shape a human nature. These elements tend to describe human beings psychology through their responses. Therefore, by keeping this important view in mind, it is significant to discuss the characteristics of these mental activities and how they are linked to each other with their differences. Emotion is expressed by consciously expressing the thoughts and the mental activity that a human experienced. It is stimulated by the outcome of the response of the external behavior or environment. It affects the person psychologically but tends to last for a shorter period. For example, another persons attitude might hurt a person and latter becomes emotionally weak. The attitude is the result of the external environment, which is regulating the nervous system of the person who is hurt. Mood is the extension of emotion or it is being regulated by the habits of a person. It lasts longer than emotions. For example, if a person is emotionally hurt at a higher intensity, and if the reaction lasts longer, it might affect the persons habits such as sleeping or eating. This results to the change in mood of the person (Droit, 2013; Farb Seagl, 2012). Temperament unlike emotion and mood is either inherited or innate in a persons character. It is also something which a child learned with experiences and therefore brought a change in the character of the child as that person grows up. The intentions, behavior are measured by the parameter of a mans temperament towards environment. Personality on the other hand carries all the qualities which can make a person to stand out from the crowd of people (Mischel, 2013). Emotions, mood and temperament are the basic qualities, which shape up the character of human and also make the human distinct from other individuals. It is based on respon se of the person to the environment around him (Halverson, Konstamm Martin, 2014). Unlike personality and temperament, emotion is not closely related to someones personality, yet it being one of the major qualities, describes the behavior of personality in a human being. It does not exist longer nor it gets tangled up with the characteristic of human nature. Emotions are the sudden happenings that happen with a man, it is more an external push to the adrenalin hormone of the living beings. Mood also , more or less like emotions, do not tend to describe someones temperament and personality for a major extent in most of the times. Mood as already mentioned before is an extension of emotions and for example if a teenager has a major disorder of depression, the teenager can feel sad for some time or some weeks, this transition should not be included in his personality trait (Morris, 2012). This can be treated with any treatment assistance, encouragement and change of places. It has been already stated before that temperament is the mental ability of the human being. It tends to last longer. Unlike Emotions and Mood, it is closely associated with personality. Some people tent to suffer from nervousness or become irritated with small things. It is vague than the other three qualities of human being. It is based on beliefs where on the other hand, emotion is a sudden reaction and an immediate response of the human being to the people with whom they are dealing and a persons mood can be identified if it extends for a longer period (Morris, 2012). Personality is an another mental ability which gives a shape to the human character, it is displayed for a longer period of time. For example a child who is having bipolarity generally influenced the childs reaction on any type of situations or events. This characteristic is also known by the name Personality Trait. Even if the child is loving and stubborn, it is the childs personality trait , it is finally describe the person. Unlike Emotions and mood, firstly it is not temporary, personality is inherited. Secondly, Temperament can be nurtured as one starts to grow, it is more a natural or reasonable instinct. On the other hand, personality can be achieved in an individual for years (Chen Schmidt, 2015; Halverson, Konstamm Martin, 2014). Different factors such as pressures in life, being social and education brings an impact on the personality. However, a persons personality can only be identified or justified if that person shows the qualities of emotion mood and temperament. Therefore, linking up these basic qualities of human beings, it could be deduced that a persons mood, emotions temperament and personality although share much different characteristics, but a finally a personality of a human being can only be judged if that person carries the qualities of these psychological and behavioral elements. A strict person in a society should be emotionally strong, will not let the emotions to change the mood. The person must show or control owns temperament in any harsh situation and this entire thing will finally give shape to personality of the person. Theories of emotions Among the six major theories of emotion, The James Lange theory and The Cannon bard are the two important theories, which are discussed in the following (Plutchik Kellerman, 2013). James- Langes emotion theory It is regarded as one of the best examples to describe the emotion based on physiology. William James and Carl Lange, two physiologists, propound the theory of emotion in the year 1884, points out that emotions are the result of the series of physiological events. It is stated in the theory that external push or stimulus leads to a physiological reaction. Thee theory suggests that the interpretation of the physical reactions will depend upon the reactions of emotions. The reactions of body will determine the emotions of a person ( Laird Lacasee, 2014). For example, when a person is walking on the street and suddenly a car came down to that person in a rush, however, the driver at the right moment stopped the car and the man got relieved. The entire incidents outcome could be concluded in a way that the person got frightened which happened on the sudden beatings of the heart. Thus, the knowledge the theory imparts is that the person was felt frightened because the person was quiverin g, not the vice versa. Cannon- Bards theory of emotion Another important theory of physiology is Cannon Bard theory. Walter Cannon, the one who has propounded theory in 1920 in contrast to the James Lange theory of emotion later extended by Philip Bard in 1930, stated that the human also sometimes experience physiological reactions which are connected to emotions that in actually cannot be felt. For example, while walking on the treadmill, a person can feel the heart beats without being frightened, but for the exercise which was done. It has also been stated by the theory that it might happen the person before while facing any danger, before experiencing the fear related to physiological symptoms such as fast breathing, quivering or trembling, the person will start getting afraid. According to this theory, shivering , sweating and the tension of muscle can be felt at the same time (Dror, 2014). Best ways to control and manage emotions Emotions are the basic part of life, and this is something, which is inevitable for the human to manage them accordingly. The best ways to manage them is that while encountering the danger in environment, a person without understanding the depth should not react right a way. Even if that person is angry, he needs to control and must fetch a diplomatic plan. While a person cannot bottled up the emotions, that person needs to speak with the dear ones . Whenever any negative thoughts are pondering, it is important to replace them with positive thinking (Ayoko, Konrad Boyle,2012). Conclusion Thus to conclude, emotions are the basic part of a humans life and it is being managed or stimulated according with the situations. Researchers have already trying to figure out the depth of emotions by writing theories making out the differences between mood, temperament, personality and emotions. The two physiological theories have well explained the importance of physiological aspects in the theory. It has also been stated in the topic that how the management of emotions can be done. References Ayoko, O. B., Konrad, A. M., Boyle, M. V. (2012). Online work: Managing conflict and emotions for performance in virtual teams.European Management Journal,30(2), 156-174. Chen, X., Schmidt, L. A. (2015). Temperament and personality.Handbook of child psychology and developmental science. Damasio, A., Carvalho, G. B. (2013). The nature of feelings: evolutionary and neurobiological origins.Nature Reviews Neuroscience,14(2), 143-152. Droit-Volet, S. (2013). Time perception, emotions and mood disorders.Journal of Physiology-Paris,107(4), 255-264. Dror, O. E. (2014). The CannonBard thalamic theory of emotions: A brief genealogy and reappraisal.Emotion Review,6(1), 13-20. Farb, N. A., Anderson, A. K., Segal, Z. V. (2012). The mindful brain and emotion regulation in mood disorders.The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,57(2), 70-77. Halverson, C. F., Kohnstamm, G. A., Martin, R. P. (2014).The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood. Psychology Press. Izard, C. E. (2013).Human emotions. Springer Science Business Media. Laird, J. D., Lacasse, K. (2014). Bodily influences on emotional feelings: Accumulating evidence and extensions of William Jamess theory of emotion.Emotion Review,6(1), 27-34. Mischel, W. (2013).Personality and assessment. Psychology Press. Morris, W. N. (2012).Mood: The frame of mind. Springer Science Business Media. Plutchik, R., Kellerman, H. (Eds.). (2013).Theories of emotion(Vol. 1). Academic Press.